Two experts made presentations about the climate scenarios in Brazil, and Norway’s Climate and Forest Initiative on the partnership with Brazil.
Claudia Melim-McLeod, Principal Consultant at MMC, presented some climate models from governmental sources on temperature and precipitation (rains), and showed how higher temperatures and changes in rain patterns will impact different sectors, such as agriculture, infrastructure and industry. In Brazil, extreme weather events have already become frequent in recent years and have caused significant consequences for the population, which has suffered with water scarcity and landslides. The vulnerability of the state of Rio de Janeiro, which will become increasingly exposed to heat waves and floods, was also mentioned since the majority of BNCC’s members are operating in this estate.
According to Ms. Melim-McLeod, coordination between the public and private sector in Brazil needs to improve in order to address challenges related to infrastructure and the sustainable use of environmental assets. Both local government and companies are already suffering directly or indirectly from the consequences of climate change but most are currently focusing on the short term, instead of investing in long term solutions. MMC is helping address this gap by working with the Brazilian industry to diagnose climate change impact on business operations and developing risk mitigation and adaptation strategies. These can help businesses address challenges related to changing climate patterns, in order to secure access to raw materials and ensure continuity in production and sales,
On the second session, the Deputy Director of Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI), Andreas Dahl-Jørgensen presented Norway’s Climate and Forest Initiative. He explained that after the 2009 UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, Norway established strategies to support developing countries, in which Brazil, voluntarily committed to the primary issue, deforestation.
According to Mr. Dahl-Jørgensen, the conservation of tropical forests could be a solution for 1/3 of climate changes problems. Norway has then created a partnership with many countries and multilateral institutions. Brazil was the first country supported and is the model for collaboration with other nations. This collaboration is based on results, and so far it was very favorable to support indigenous reserves, what help to decrease deforestation.
A session of questions and answers took place and brought up discussions about how governments, industry, civil society, and individual consumption behavior can collaborate to “green” investments, such as alternative energy projects, industrial emission reduction and forest’s protection.